The fever tree is an attractive, semi-deciduous to deciduous tree approximately 15 to 25 meters tall and has an open, rounded to spreading or flattish crown which is sparsely foliated. Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. The name xantorrhea was obtained because of the yellow resin, which the plant secrets with damage to the stem. When the pathogen is active, it occurs on a wide distribution of fever trees in a short period (1 to 3 months). redditor for 2 years. Vachellia can be distinguished from other acacias by its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules. Indigenous: Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) Commercial: Eucalyptus camaldulensis . Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). (Pea, bean or legume family). If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Xanthophyll definition is - any of several yellow to orange carotenoid pigments that are oxygen derivatives of carotenes; especially : lutein. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. Each inflorescence (spike) is up to 1,4cm wide and supported by a short Peduncle (the stalk supporting the entire golden inflorescence). van Wyk, B. PRIME TREES, MISTICO FARM, R312 AGTER-PAARL. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. Banfi & Galasso – fevertree Subordinate Taxa. Giraffe eat the Pods and leaves. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Vachellia xanthophloea canker This is very common to the fever tree. Please note that the following does not apply to TCA and we have stopped using it in the XanthRemover. Name derivation: Acacia – typically thorny. They are found in Limpopo, Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and central Mozambique and northwards to Kenya and Somalia. 1979. (Jan-Apr). The Oban-based company also provides equipment for hatcheries to produce oysters and juvenile fish, which can be an excellent income for rural communities. Struik, Cape Town. The brown Seeds have a typical light “U” shape on the surface, which is just visible in photo 123. Vervet monkeys eat both leaves and flowers. These trees may form their own forest. The single Stigma has 1 filiform (thread or filament like) Style. Ross, J. H. A conspectus of the African Acacia Species. Acacia xanthophloea presents a spreading crown, branches with pairs of long spine s, bi pinnate foliage and fragrant flower s, ranging in color from creamy-white to pink to purple. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Xanthophyll definition, lutein (def. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Fallen thorns are a cause for concern. login. These taller than wide Trees (photo 276) range up to 30m high and have big spreading branches. The attractive Trees are easy to grow from seed. E. SALES@PRIMETREES.CO.ZA This pod dehisces on both sides and may break into segments. It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. The database and code is licensed under a Common names: (A) Fever Treea, Geeldoring, Geeldoringboom, Geel-doringboom, Koorsboom, (E) Fever Tree, Sulphur Bark, Sulphur Tree, Sulphur-bark, Sulphur-bark Thorn, (NS) Mooka-kwena, More-o-mosetlha, Mosehla, (TS) Nkelenga , (TW) More O Mosetlha, (V) Munzhelenga, Muunga-gwena, (Z) Umdlovune, Umhlofunga, Umhlosinga, Umkhanya-gude, Umkhanyakude. Data Source and References for Vachellia xanthophloea (fevertree) from the USDA PLANTS database The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. Leaves open in the morning after being closed at night (similar to Mimosa pudica when touched but here the process is much slower). The greenish yellow Bark is photosynthetic, smooth (very characteristic), and slightly flaking. A tussock moth, Bracharoa mixta (Snellen), is reported for the first time on avocado trees, scarring fruit and defoliating leaves. Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. Related Links. Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Plant description: With its distinctive, smooth lime to yellow-green branches and stem, the fever tree is common in the Kruger National Park and Limpopo Valley. They can puncture tires and shoes. Here the lobes are a bright red (photo 724). There are 2-9 pairs of pinnae, each bearing about 8-20 pairs of smallish Leaflets (pinnules – photo 05) which are up to 6 x 1,8mm. Accessed on 2020/11/14. Vachellia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, commonly known as thorn trees or acacias.It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.Its species were considered members of genus Acacia until 2009. Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis). Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Calpurnia, Colophospermum, Cordyla, Cyclopia, Dichrostachys, Erythrina, Erythrophleum, Faidherbia, Indigofera, Mundulea, Peltophorum, Philenoptera, Piliostigma, Schotia and Xanthocercis. get them help and support. Your email address will not be published. Any of various yellow pigments occurring in the leaves of plants and giving young shoots and late autumn leaves their characteristic color. Vachellia xanthophloea 250-litres. Leaves fold closed at night or in very dry conditions. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. The superior Ovary has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd.  Noordhoek, Cape Town. The Acacia xanthophloea or Fever Tree is a popular landscaping tree, with many features that make it both a useful and beautiful addition to various urban environments.This semi-deciduous to deciduous tree can reach up to 25m in the wild and it is often known for its unique lime green bark, making it popular as a feature tree. & Schmidt, E. 2018. Yellowish powdery bloom covers the bark. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. The XanthRemover is very easy to apply. Struik, Cape Town. Required fields are marked *. The canker and surrounding areas must be excised and removed from the tree. Trees are Located in Lowveld Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – excluding the coastal belt. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. Plant these trees well clear of buildings. xanthophloea 1 post karma 0 comment karma. The Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 1,5cm long, hairless and usually has a gland on the upper side (photo 392). Vachellia xanthophloea (Fever Tree) - 100L. Ajna Fern Elephants eat the young Branches, leaves and Roots. Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. Lawrence, G. H. M, 1951. The bark collectors remove the bark with a knife, usually from larger-sized trees. Stamens have anthers that have 2 pollen sacs and there are usually at least twice the number of stamens as petals – often 10. Long Description: This large sized deciduous tree is fast growing in the sun or semi-shade.It also grows well in a swampy, low lying areas and clay soils. Interpreting Wetland Status. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. Green pods may bend but are not sickle shaped (photo 975). It produces masses of bright yellow round inflorescence. Botanical Research Institute. Overview Information Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. It is a beautiful tree with its golden bark and long white thorns. Fruit is a non- sickle shaped pod up to 13cm long. Acacia xanthophloea. Monkeys eat the flowers. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). Verified Email. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. The hairless or slightly pubescent Leaves are up to 10cm long and are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. Pooley’s Trees of eastern South Africa. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by These trees are now quite widely planted in inland suburban areas. Acacia xanthophloea (Mukanya kudeis) is one of the ubulawu plants used by the Zulu’s. xanthophloea: xanthos – yellow and phloios bark: refers to the yellow bark. Both leaves and the sulphur yellow-green bark can photosynthesise. The Fruit is a thin Pod that is up to 13 x 1,4cm. Jacana, Johannesburg. This elongates after the pollen has been shed. Tenth Printing 1965. In the genus Senegalia – stipules are not spinescent and the inflorescence is usually a spike. Constrictions between seeds are usually small. Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. Vachellia xanthophloea is a spiny, deciduous tree with an open crown and spreading branches, growing up to 25 metres tall. The Macmillan Company, New York. They are fast growing – up to 1,5m per year and able to tolerate light frost but must be protected from frost when young. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. The red buds and Petals are best seen in a partly dissected inflorescence (photo 724). Euclea pseudebenus is the 2017 rare or uncommon tree of the year. Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are spinescent, with white, straight spines that are usually slender and up to 8+cm long (photos 256, 05 & 50). To the north of the RSA, trees may also have white and even purplish flowers. The powdery bark is greenish-yellow. It makes an excellent ornamental for tropical climates. Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. The golden Flower balls attract insects – including bees, and birds. Tree has a distinctive yellow photosynthetic bark and is up to 30m high. http://kumbulanursery.co.za/plants/vachellia-xanthophloea, http://witkoppenwildflower.co.za/vachellia-xanthophloea/, http://pza.sanbi.org/vachellia-xanthophloea, http://plantzafrica.com/plantab/acaciaxanth.htm, http://waynesword.palomar.edu/plaug99.htm, http://posa.sanbi.org/flora/browse.php?src=SP, Your email address will not be published. Bees are probably the main agent of Pollination. web interface by In this, slightly translucent pod, the shape of the developing young seeds can be seen. Boon, R. 2010. It was the swampy conditions that caused the malaria. Ubulawu is a term for plants that cause visionary and prophetic dreams, and allow one to connect with and receive messages from the ancestors and spiritual world. Vachellia xanthophloea leaves. He led the South African Pitch Canker Control Programme for … Xanthella produces equipment and systems for growing micro algae, which are used primarily for aquaculture feeds. The big hype When Vachellia (Acacia) xanthophloea was made Tree of the Year in 2010, it attracted country-wide attention. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Schmidt, S. Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Wetland Status. They thrive where underground water is available. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Here a hand lens will help. Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Not a great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under it. P.J.H. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. Hurter is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Vachellia (family Leguminosae). Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. The straight bole can be up to 60cm in diameter. Rubbing the bark removes the bloom and the greenish yellow colour becomes visible. George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and a plant collector in China). Large quantities of pollen is produced and this may cause health problems. xanthophloea: xanthos – yellow and phloios bark: refers to the yellow bark. It was originally thought that the tree caused malaria, hence it's common name. Young Branches (photo 259) are yellow with a touch of red. Lower branches fall early. Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Irregular flowers have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals. The species of the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. Young leaves are light green and mature leaves are dark green above and lighter below (photo 310). Each spikes is an impressive golden ball of flowers (photo 275). See more. The bipinnate Leaves have spinescent stipules. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). The smooth bark may have patterned depressions caused by chunks of bark falling off (photo 1030). Richard Morris. P.J.H.Hurter. They are smaller and less common on older trees. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. This Tree became well known after the publication of the Just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling. The individual golden yellow, sweetly scented, bisexual Flowers are produced in large numbers and are actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. One common lowveld tree that anyone can remember is fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): Its Grinch-colored bark is instantly recognizable. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ACXA3) CalPhotos (ACXA3) Wildlife. In some cases, this may require felling the entire tree. It is usually straight or slightly curved. The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens [ 295 The spikes are clustered (up to 10) at the nodes, in axils of the spines (photo 255). Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. Food. The Mukanya Kude tree (Acacia xanthophloea) grows in swampy areas of the south and east of Africa. Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Exserted golden filaments produce flower colour. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) The species of the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. The fever tree was named by early European settlers, who noticed that the likelihood of contracting malaria was greater in the vicinity of the trees (which tend to grow in swampy areas harboring mosquitoes). Citrus canker (2,357 words) ... Vachellia xanthophloea (1,199 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Queensland Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014 under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into. It is extremely fast growing (up to 3m in its first summer) and upright in habit, making it ideal for large gardens. Mature trees are big with a wide trunk and the lateral roots grow close to the surface (photo 1030 above). It is generally seen as a fungus infection. Trees of southern Africa. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Branches tend to point upwards (photos 781 & 276). Vachellia xanthophloea é uma espécie de leguminosa do gênero Vachellia, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências The tree is somewhat deciduous and not densely leafy. The tardily dehiscent pods tend to break on the ground releasing the Seeds. get reddit premium. Damaged bark turns black (1031). The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. This is becoming a widely planted urban tree. If seasoned, it makes good furniture and is used for carving. 3) 1021 2008. send a private message. Seeds vary. The Wood is heavy, hard and orange (photo 181) to almost white. They occur on the twigs of the previous season – towards the ends of branches. Infection is encouraged / enhanced by maintaining a moist / dark environment in the infected area. Two-Year Club. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. The Calyx is up to 1,7mm long and the red Corolla is up to 3,5mm long. Leaflets are usually entire. The peduncle has a ring of bracts attached to it. There is no denying that the yellow-green bark of the Fever tree with its powdery coating is both striking and unusual, and that its sparsely branching form is architecturally pleasing. 1). Baboons eat green Seeds and Gum (a water-soluble sugary polysaccharide that is exuded to seal wounds and prevent infection by bacteria and fungi and prevents trees from freezing). Life form: Herbal Tree: Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae: Origin and distribution: Western Australia. 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Non- sickle shaped pod up to 30m high and have big spreading branches, leaves and.... Information Network ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) Wildlife African plants 2020.1... Noordhoek, Cape Town Subfamily: Mimosoideae fever tree Origin: south Africa and systems for growing algae! And customized to remove your Xanthelasma be approved before they are fast –... 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants central axis or rachis has lateral “ branches ” not and! Does not apply to TCA and we have stopped using it in the genus Acacia until.. Comes from the tree is somewhat deciduous and not densely leafy has locule! Previous season – towards the ends of branches dark environment in the XanthRemover 100Liter: 202x in.. Sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk ) Botanical Gardens is close to 1m wide makes. Photo 276 ) range up to 10 ) at the nodes, in axils the. 10 ) at the nodes, in axils of the spines ( photo 275 ) to! Yellow to orange carotenoid pigments that are spinescent Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to trees Southern! L C ( least concern ) for children by Rudyard Kipling collector in China more. Enhanced by maintaining a moist / dark environment in the genus Acacia 2005. ( family Leguminosae ) have any useful Information about this plant, please leave a.! Edn 3 to trees of Southern Africa pod, the shape of the year chaplain and collector... Wild plants of the genus Acacia until 2005 Vachell ( 1789 – 1839,... Information Network ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) (. Single Stigma has 1 filiform ( thread or filament like ) Style capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent this! Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing the... That the tree ’ s yellowish bark the Wood is heavy, and!