Comparison of six barcode regions showed that ITS2 has the highest number of variable sites (209/360) for tested Fabaceae and (106/365) Poaceae species, the highest species-level identification (40%) in BLASTn procedure, distinct DNA barcoding gap, 100% correct species identification in BM and BCM functions of TAXONDNA, and clear cladding pattern with high nodal support in phylogenetic trees in both families. PC is still preserving the biodiversity by means of strict rules and regulations enforced for the maintenance of the college premises. ITS2+mat K+rbcLa followed ITS2 in its species-level identification capacity. In Wadi Hamra we did find a large spider that tried to make home in one of our cardboard boxes left out for the night, and encountered a fine exapmple of the same species in Karkur Ibrahim. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. We surveyed the Badro Mountain and its base area for floristic inventory. Fauna. with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo, 5000 years ago. ... 12 The soil of the Cholistan Desert is very poor in organic matter concentration, and the pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic soils, respectively. The fineness of the earth can be observed on the Kacha houses which are actually plastered with mud but look like they have been white washed. Bahawalpur - Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), the Islamia Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Referenc, M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between, R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats, H. Shaheen and R. A. Qureshi, “Vegetation T. M. Udayakumar, M. Ayyanar and T. Sekar, “Angiosperms, X. Qin, R. Zhang and F. Xing, “A Study on the Flora and, S. Saeed, R, Qureshi, M. A. Ullah and M. Nasir, “Herba-, M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert, M. Arshad, G. Akbar and S. Rashid, “Wealth of Medici-, K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The, M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific. KARAHCI: The third batch of highly rare bird species, houbara bustard, which were bred in captivity in a Gulf state, were released in the Cholistan desert, it is learnt here reliably. 1923-1931. Nagarparkar is a town in at the base of the Karoonjhar Mountains in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. [10] 81% of the desert is sandy, while 19% is characterized by alluvial flats and small sandy dunes. Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert was losing its biodiversity. According to a press release issued here, the flora and fauna system of Cholistan desert area had been affected from global warming, weather change and humane activities. The largest family was Poaceae, The present studies were carried out to document the taxonomic studies of the tree species of Cholistan Desert of Pakistan with the aim of their precise identification and dispersal in the area. [9] It is located between 27°42΄00΄΄ to 29° 45΄00΄΄ north, and 69°57' 30'′ to 72° 52' 30'′ east. FLORA AND FAUNA . Few other livelihood opportunities aside from livestock farming are available in the region. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. [9], Camels in particular are prized in Cholistan for their meat and milk, use as transportation, and for entertainment such as racing and camel dancing. Ancient Cholistan. "[4], In ancient times, Cholistan was a fertile region with a large river fed by meltwater from the Himalayas,[5] and so has a high density of ancient settlements from the Indus Valley Civilization period dating back as early as 4000 BCE. Regarding the terrestrial animal, a symbol of the Arab world is certainly a camel, which has a solid place in the everyday life of the Arabs. distribution of plant life form species at the, R. Akhter and M. Arshad, “Arid Rangelands in the Cho-, D. N. Wadia, “Geology of India,” Tata McGraw-Hill. Among fam, cies, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1, genus and 1 species. Coordinates: 28°30′N 70°00′E / 28.500°N 70.000°E / 28.500; 70.000. Poaceae was found to be the largest family Print. piyalas,[what language is this?] It is also connected to Thar Desert which is extended to Sindh and then into India. Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. The present paper also describes the traditional camel rearing system used by nomads of Cholistan desert. A physio-chemical soil study of greater and lesser Cholistan desert of southern Punjab Pakistan. . Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, Agricultural and Water Research Center, Ministry of Ag-, tanical Survey of India,” Vol. with 45 species followed by Papilionaceae (23 species), Asteraceae (18 species), Euphorbiaceae (12 species), Solanaceae [5], Over 400 Harappan sites had been listed in Cholistan in the 1970s, with a further 37 added in the 1990s. It consists of Insects such as Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar, Scorpions, Spiders, Lice, Ants, Butterflies, Moths, and Roaches. will guide strategies aimed at better management of plant resources in the area. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. "What's in a Name? Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. … Of the species determined, 8.01% are widespread, while 46.77% of the taxa are of unknown or multiregional phytogeographical region. Camels of Marrecha or Mahra breed are mainly used for riding and load carrying but may be trained for dancing or racing. A total of ten plant species representing with six genera of Acacia Mill. For desert nomads of Pakistani Cholistan, it is a beloved companion, a source of milk and meat, transport facility provider and a racing/dancing animal, thus, playing an important role in the socioeconomic uplift of the local community. As per the 1998 Census of Pakistan, a total of 128,019, with a 2015 estimate of 229,071, with 70% living in Lesser Cholistan. These lower levels of essential minerals and metals indicate their lower demands by the desert vegetation. (1 species), Tamarix Linn. Ziziphus Mill. The most abundant are the large black desert ants, that densely inhabit the akacia groves of Karkur Talh and the Gilf valleys, and incredulously butterflies, that seem to appear at any spot with the slightest green vegetation. More than 75% of the identified species were perennial. Which kind of animals did evolve from dinosaurs? Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. However, in winter, the weather is mild with temperature between 5 °C to 15 °C with very low annual rain fall. Over six thousand kinds of plants are growing in Kazakhstan (from them 515 - only here), on its open spaces it is possible to meet about 500 kinds of birds, 178 kinds of animals, 49 kinds of reptiles, 12 kinds of amphibians, and in the rivers and lakes - 107 kinds of fishes. The Tharparkar desert supports a fair population of the chinkara. The vegetation was dominated by a higher number of shrub species (40%) followed by herbs (38%). [10] A canal system built during the British era led to irrigation of the northern part of Lesser Cholistan. The life form of all plants determined and plants, Dombois, & Ellenberg [34]. The snow partridge and snowcock reside at higher elevations. The Indus civilization was the earliest centre of ceramics, and thus the pottery of Cholistan has a long history. Dr Muhammad Abdullah, university faculty member and activity organiser stated that seeds … (3 species) were explored and studied taxonomically first time from the study area. with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New, partment of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publi-. Despite its seemingly inhospitable climate, the Atacama Desert is endowed with a rich variety of flora and fauna, characterized by a high level of adaptation. We provide a checklist of Angiosperms along with the details of life form from a ~ 9.6 ha of non-concreted area of Pachaiyappa's College (PC) campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu state, India. For this reason, it is difficult for the earth to conserve heat at night; this causes strong decrea… Mentioned that cotton textiles have always been a hallmark of craft of Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo 5000... 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