The epithet viridis and the common name, green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence. Theor. Setaria italica subsp. Common names Fennich in German Foxtail Bristle-grass in English Große Kolbenhirse in German It in Latvian Italian bristle grass in English Italian foxtail in English Italienische Borstenhirse, Kolbenhirse, Fennich in German Italinė šerytė in Lithuanian … Foliage The leaf is widely lanceolate, scabrous, with serrate margins. & Schult. with help from Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. Go! Structural class. … ›Panicum italicum L. ›Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. PlutoF Taxonomy Common name Source itaalia kukeleib Estonian: PlutoF Taxonomy preferred Identifier Source 7252 PlutoF Taxonomy taxon current Classification Updated at 2019-03-08 kingdom Viridiplantae (1398651) subkingdom Viridiplantae sbk Incertae sedis (1385833) phylum Anthophyta; õistaimed (1208549) subphylum Anthophyta sbp Incertae sedis (1208177) class … Setaria barbata (Lam.) According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of the species is known to exist today. Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them. It is a relatively drought-tolerant crop compared to other grains. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and … Setaria italica P.Beauv. Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65–70 days (typical yield is 15,000–20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000–4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75–90 days (typical yield is 800–900 kg/ha of grain). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Vascular – Exotic. ex Rchb. Common Names: Italian Foxtail millet (English, United States) Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Identification. The ligule is a fringe of hairs that is less than a tenth of an … Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met [10] In southern China, foxtail millet reached the Chengdu Plain (Baodun) at around 2700 BC[16] and Guangxi (Gantuoyan [de], near the Vietnamese border) at around 3000 BC. Parl. The unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by birds and rodents. Foxtail millet is an annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems which can reach a height of 120–200 cm (3.9–6.6 ft). Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. It is native to Eurasia, but it is known on most continents as an introduced species and is closely related to Setaria faberi, a noxious weed. 0. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is usually grown for its grain (see the Foxtail millet grain datasheet) but it is also cultivated as a fodder plant.. Foxtail millet is an erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted, 90-220 cm high. ITIS link: Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. [10][18], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in East Siberia comes from the archaeological site at Krounovka 1 in Primorsky Krai, dating to around 3620–3370 BC. italica (autonym) Setaria italica subsp. The Panicoideae subfamily is one of the most agronomically important grass groups. Names for foxtail millet in other languages spoken in the countries where it is cultivated include: In India, foxtail millet is still an important crop in its arid and semi-arid regions. Setaria persica Rchb. Wikispecies has an entry on: Setaria italica. China. Assamese. Foxtail millet is cultivated widely in Russia, China and India. moharia Alef. The inflorescence is … Common Names. Toggle navigation. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum italica . Grasses. The gruel made from millet, the staple of Ancient Tamils, is called kali, moddak kali, kuul, and sangati. ex Hegi. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. It is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft (60-152 cm) tall. Echinochloa erythrosperma Roem. var. The earliest definite evidence for its cultivation in the Near East is at the Iron Age levels at Tille Hoyuk in Turkey, with an uncorrected radiocarbon date of about 600 BC. The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world, and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses. [9][20] In Japan, the earliest evidence for foxtail millet comes from the Jōmon site at Usujiri in Hokkaido, dating to around 4,000 BP. Introduced in Euromediterranean region (except north), Siberia, Russian Far East, Western Asia, Central Asia, … Setariopsis italica (L.) Samp. NCBI link: Setaria italica; EOL link: Setaria italica; … Richard Morris. Setaria italica) is thought to be native to southern Asia and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets (Oelke, 1990). Beauv.) Genet. [10] The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in Southeast Asia comes from various sites in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley in central Thailand, with the site at Non Pa Wai [de] providing the earliest date with direct AMS dating to around 2300 BC. Scientific Name Setaria italica . Authority. Poaceae. Foxtail millet is an erect summer annual that can reach up to 5 feet tall. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of Setaria italica. Setaria italica subsp. Description An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted. Setaria italica; Setaria italica. italica, S. i. subsp. italica. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Dekapr. The seedhead is a dense, hairy panicle 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long. Setaria italic with many common names including Chinese Millet, Foxtail Bristle Grass, Dwarf Setaria, Foxtail Millet, Hay Millet, German Millet, Giant Setaria Hungarian Millet, Japanese Millet, Italian Millet, Red Rala, Liberty Millet and Hungarian millet is a grass species which is used as a crop. Common Names. "[12] The reference genome for foxtail millet was completed in 2012. & Graebn. Setaria is a tropical to temperate genus of the family Gramineae. 1931. [10], Foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia via multiple routes. Setaria italica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). Terminal (leaf) node. Citation: SETARIA ITALICA (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Department of Agriculture Gujarat Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) If you would like to support this site, please consider, Cultivated plant in Oslo botanical garden, Oslo, Norway, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Ess. -> Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. Appl. It is referred to often in old Tamil texts and is commonly associated with Lord Muruga and his consort Valli. Basionym: Panicum italicum Linnaeus 1753. Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. [9] In South India, it has been a staple diet among people for a long time from the Sangam period. Included subspecies (for GRIN, 23 October 2014): S. i. subsp. [2][3] Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. Other Common Names: foxtail bristlegrass. NVS code Help. The … The small seeds, around 2 millimetres (3⁄32 in) in diameter, are encased in a thin, papery hull which is easily removed in threshing. Diseases of foxtail millet include leaf and head blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea, smut disease caused by Ustilago crameri, and green ear caused by Sclerospora graminicola. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. [9], Foxtail millet arrived in Europe later; carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. Occurrence. Korralu (Telugu), Navane (Kannada). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Agrostogr. viridis. 103:668-677. Common name. Setaria erythrosperma (Vahl ex Hornem.) Kunth; Setaria faberii F. Herrmann; Setaria geniculata P. Beauv.-> Setaria parviflora (Poir.) In the northern Philippines, foxtail millet was once an important staple crop, until its later replacement by wet-rice and sweet potato cultivation.[11]. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. & Schult. It has a dense root system of thin adventitious roots. Abstract. [9][13][14] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S. Ajna Fern Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page Although this species has many synonyms, Setaria viridis is now accepted as the preferred scientific name. stramineofructa (F.T. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is a dual-purpose plant grown for its grain, which is used for human food and animal feeding, and for fodder (see the Foxtail millet forage datasheet). Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. The wild antecedent of foxtail millet has been securely identified as Setaria viridis, which is interfertile with foxtail millet; wild or weedy forms of foxtail millet also exist. foxtail millet, foxtail millet, Italian foxtail. 51, 170, 178. Phylogenetic and genomic relationships in Setaria italica and its close relatives based on the molecular diversity and chromosomal organization of 5S and 18S-5.8S-25S rDNA genes. & Kasparian Setaria italica var. General information about Setaria italica (SETIT) EPPO Global Database. [15], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet cultivation outside of its native distribution is at Chengtoushan in the Middle Yangtze River region, dating to around 4000 BC. Setaria violacea Hornem. Beauv.) It is the wild antecedentof … advanced search... Login. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. Both Setaria italica (common name: foxtail millet) and Setaria viridis (common name: green foxtail) are members of the trib… 1812. The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. But Setaria italica is the current officially accepted name. Hubbard) L.H. ›Setaria viridis subsp. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name ; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Liliopsida – … Overview Appearance Setaria italica, or foxtail millet, is an annual grass that grows from 2-5 ft. tall. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. [12] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC. Common Name(s): foxtail bristlegrass [English] Accepted Name(s): Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Seed color varies greatly between varieties. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. S. italica (L.) Beauv., with common English name foxtail millet, is one of the few economically important species of Setaria, and also one of the principle millets.It is an annual grass, with linear leaves, erect shoots of several tens of centimeters to one meter in height, and spike-like panicle of 10–40 cm in length. nigrofructa ambigua (Guss.) NCBI Setaria italica Annotation Release 103. Setaria viridis italica (L.) Briq. [9][19] The earliest direct evidence for foxtail millet in Korea come from Dongsam-dong Shell Midden, a Jeulmun site in southern Korea, with a direct AMS date of around 3,360 BC. In China, foxtail millet is the most common millet and one of the main food crops, especially among the poor in the dry northern part of that country. Botanical Name : Setaria italica Common Name : Foxtail millet, Italian millet, German millet, Chinese millet, Hungarian millet Tamil Name : Tinai, camai, kavalai, kambankorai, thinai Family Name : Poaceae Latin Name : Panicum italicum Linn Nuvanam is millet flour. The leaves are alternate with lanceolate and serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad. A cultivated species probably derived from S. viridis (q.v.). Overview. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. Its tubular stalk is filled with loose tissue. Preferred name: Setaria italica ; Authority: (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois ; Notes. Setaria italica subsp. [12], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Plant guide for foxtail millet (Setaria italica)", "Genome sequence of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides insights into grass evolution and biofuel potential", "Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria", "Between China and South Asia: A Middle Asian corridor of crop dispersal and agricultural innovation in the Bronze Age", "The Checkered Prehistory of Rice Movement Southwards as a Domesticated Cereal—from the Yangzi to the Equator", Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, "The beginnings of prehistoric agriculture in the Russian Far East: Current evidence and concepts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foxtail_millet&oldid=990898448, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Javanese-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 04:00. [10] In Europe and North America it is planted at a moderate scale for hay and silage, and to a more limited extent for birdseed. It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns, and at the margins of fields. The database and code is licensed under a MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. English. Ken Fern, Three species of Setaria have been domesticated and used as staple crops throughout history: foxtail millet (S. italica), … (Names compiled from 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14).